Common Causes of Furnace Leaks and What to Do About Them

Common Causes of Furnace Leaks and What to Do About Them

Noticing that there is water leaking from around your furnace can be a disappointing experience. Still, you don’t need to immediately start panicking. Most of the causes of furnace leaks aren’t all that serious, and the majority of them can be fixed fairly easily. In fact, most of the time, the leaks aren’t actually related to your HVAC system but instead more of a plumbing problem.

High-Efficiency Condensing Furnaces vs. Conventional Furnaces

If you notice water leaking from your furnace, the first thing you’ll need to do is determine what type of furnace you have. High-efficiency and conventional furnaces can both suffer from leaks. However, the potential problems that may be causing the leak are very different for each type of furnace. Therefore, it is essential to know what type of furnace you have before you can begin troubleshooting the source of the problem.

The easiest way to determine whether you have a high-efficiency condensing furnace or a conventional furnace is to look at the exhaust pipe or vent. Condensing furnaces will have a white plastic PVC vent, whereas conventional furnaces use metal exhaust pipes. You can also tell which type of furnace you have by looking at its annual fuel utilization efficiency rating, or AFUE. This information is typically found on a yellow Energy Guide sticker located somewhere on the exterior of the furnace. If the AFUE rating is 90% or above, the furnace is high efficiency. Ratings below 90% usually indicate that it is a conventional furnace.

Generally speaking, high-efficiency furnaces are much more prone to leaking than conventional furnaces. The reason for this is in the way these condensing furnaces work. Conventional furnaces have one heat exchanger, and this only extracts heat from the natural gas for a short time before venting the gas out the exhaust pipe.

High-efficiency furnaces utilize two heat exchangers to extract much more heat from the gas. This second exchanger extracts so much heat from the gas that it eventually changes into a liquid state and condenses into water. It is this condensation that causes high-efficiency furnaces to be more prone to water leaks. When the system is functioning properly, this water simply drains out the condensate line.

Causes of Leaks in High-Efficiency Furnaces

The most common causes of leaks in high-efficiency furnaces are related to an issue with the condensation line, drain line, drain pan, or floor drain. If the condensation line is clogged, leaking, or broken, it can lead to water collecting around your heater instead of draining away as it should. A damaged drain pain can also lead to water collecting around the furnace, and often this problem is related to the previous. When the condensation drain line becomes clogged, it can result in water sitting in the drain pan for long enough that the pan begins to develop rust and holes. Luckily, these problems are usually quick and easy to solve, and regular maintenance of your furnace and heating system can also help you to avoid them altogether.

The problem might also be related to a clog in your floor drain, in which case you’re dealing with more of a plumbing issue than a furnace problem. Even if your floor drain isn’t clogged, any clogs or other drainage issues in your plumbing system can cause water to back up throughout your floor drain. This can make it look like water is leaking from the furnace when in reality it is simply water from elsewhere pooling up around the unit.

Leaks can also occur due to a faulty or malfunctioning secondary heat exchanger. Unfortunately, this problem tends to be much more severe. In most cases, this issue will require you to have your furnace replaced.

Causes of Leaks in Conventional Furnaces

Water leaking from a conventional furnace is almost always related to the flue or exhaust pipe. When working properly, the flue pipe quickly funnels the exhaust gases created during the heating process outside of the home before they have time to cool down and condense. However, a poorly fitted or improperly designed vent pipe can cause air to circulate and trap the exhaust gases inside the vent. When this happens, the gases can cool and form condensation that drips out of the furnace or the vent pipe.

In most cases, the problem is that either the vent pipe is too big or doesn’t have enough slope. The easiest way to check if this is the issue is to examine the pipe. If you notice that it doesn’t have any slope or see water leaking out of the pipe, it is best to call a professional and have the pipe replaced.

Leaks Caused by a Dirty Air Filter

No matter which type of furnace your home has, the problem could also be related to a dirty air filter. When an air filter becomes clogged with dust, it drastically restricts the airflow to your heating coil. Although this usually results in the coil freezing up, it can also cause water to drip and pool up around the furnace.

Leaks Caused by a Whole-Home Humidifier

If your house has a whole-home humidifier installed as part of your HVAC system, this could also be the culprit behind your furnace leak. Humidifiers have a constant flow of water going through them, which obviously makes them somewhat prone to leaks. Determining if your humidifier is the source of the water is usually as easy as inspecting the outside of the unit for any visible leaks and checking to see if the drain line, water line, and feed tube are damaged or clogged.

Leaks Caused by an Air Conditioner

Many people also notice leaks around their furnace only when their air conditioner is running. This is especially common in situations where both the furnace and air conditioner are run within a short time of each other, which is definitely something that can happen frequently when living in the desert. In these situations, condensate can build up so quickly in the drain pain that it begins to leak out of your furnace. However, a clogged condensation drain line can also cause water leaks when you run your AC unit in exactly the same way as it would when running the furnace.

What to Do If You Notice Water Leaking Around Your Furnace

If you notice water leaking out of your furnace, the first thing you should do is shut off the system or turn off the breaker. You should then attempt to sop up any standing water or suck it up with a wet-dry vacuum if needed. The next step should be to check your air filter and replace it if it’s dirty and clogged. If this still doesn’t solve the issue, then it’s time to call in professional help to make sure your drains aren’t clogged.

Professional HVAC Services You Can Rely On

Water leaking from your furnace can be caused by many issues, but most commonly it is a sign of a plumbing or drainage problem. At Crystal Blue Plumbing, Heating, & Air, our team of professional plumbers is on hand to diagnose and repair any plumbing or drainage issues you might be experiencing in Loomis or the surrounding area. Our rooter services can help to clear up any clogs in your water or sewage lines, and we can also inspect your entire plumbing system for leaks. We also specialize in tankless water heaters, gas lines, slab leaks, and more.

Don’t stress yourself out about water leaks in your home. Call Crystal Blue Plumbing, Heating, & Air today to get the reliable, professional service your home deserves.

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8 Ways to Stay Warm This Winter

8 Ways to Stay Warm This Winter

Staying warm during the frigid months of winter is essential for your health and safety. Though many people think a furnace is the only way you can heat your home, there are actually a wide variety of options for every home and lifestyle. Check out this variety of eight heating options you can utilize this winter that range from traditional whole-home HVAC systems to smaller, more portable options.

1. Gas Furnace

When you think about heating your home, a gas furnace is probably what comes to mind. A popular heating method in the United States, gas furnaces work by taking cold air into the system and heating it with a gas burner. After it’s been heated, the air is then circulated throughout your home via a forced-air system.

Newer furnaces are energy efficient and easy to maintain with proper tune-ups each fall. They’re a time-tested heating method you can count on, although you might want to consider a replacement if your current furnace is older than a decade or so. This is because newer models heat much more efficiently than ones of the past did.

2. Electric Furnaces

Electric furnaces are another common home heating method that functions very similarly to a gas furnace. Instead of using a gas burner to heat the cool air it draws in, an electric heating component similar to that found in a hairdryer heats it and then circulates it throughout the home.

An electric furnace offers a few advantages over gas. There isn’t combustion going on, making it a bit of a safer option. Because of this lack of combustion gasses, no venting is needed. This makes new furnace installation easier since you’re not so constricted when it comes to placement.

3. Geothermal Heating

Geothermal heating and cooling used to be reserved for those who had a lot of discretionary spending money. Once considered a luxury, geothermal heating is quickly becoming more accessible to the general public. Though the installation costs can still seem steep when compared to a furnace or similar heating method, the benefits more than compensate for the difference in cost.

Unlike furnaces, geothermal systems don’t have to heat cool air in order to function. Instead, they draw upon heat underground using a heat exchanger to transfer this heat into usable warmth for your home. Since the ground remains at a fairly steady temperature year-round, a geothermal system works for both heating and cooling your home.

Another benefit to going geothermal is the total system lifespan. A furnace will function for around a decade and sometimes up to 15 years. A geothermal system, however, will last 20 years or longer.

4. Air-Source Heat Pumps

A heat pump is similar to a geothermal system in one key way: it works to both heat and cool your home. In the summer, heat pumps take warm air from inside your home and then pump it outside. In the cold months, these devices work by pulling warmth out of the air outside and pumping it into your home. Because of this, heat pumps only work well in climates that don’t see extremely low temperatures. When temps fall well below freezing, a backup heating source is utilized. Other than this drawback, air-source heat pumps are an efficient way to maintain the temperature in your home.

5. Mini- and Multi-Split Heat Pumps

An air-source heat pump isn’t the only type of heat pump out there. In addition to standard and cold climate air source heat pumps, there are also mini- and multi-split heat pumps. They work differently than air source heat pumps by the use of “heads” installed throughout your home.

Each head is a separate heating and cooling system attached to an efficient outdoor compressor unit. They can be easily installed in any room of your home, allowing you to have different temperatures set for different areas of the home. One head being installed is a mini-split system, whereas multiple create a multi-split. These heat pumps are efficient and convenient ways to heat your home since the lack of ductwork required makes installation easy. They’re perfect for small spaces like offices and apartments.

6. Cold Climate Air-Source Heat Pumps

Most air-source heat pumps have a set point temperature. After this level is hit, an alternative heating source is used. This set point temperature is often not much below freezing, leading to problems on exceptionally cool nights.

If you’re more interested in a heating system that does it all, consider a cold climate air-source heat pump. Unlike a standard model that stops operation around 30 degrees or so, a cold climate pump will often function at temperatures as low as five degrees. Sacramento nights rarely dip below this threshold, making a cold climate air-source heat pump a viable option for heating your home this winter.

7. Boilers

Boilers were once a common method to heat a home, but they’ve waned in popularity. With newer, more energy-efficient models, they’re seeing a recent uptick and coming back more into the mainstream. Old boilers were nowhere near as efficient as they are today. Though an energy-efficient furnace may have an efficiency rating of 95% or more, a new boiler will provide a more modest 85% efficiency rate or so.

Instead of using forced air that travels through ductwork installed in your home, a boiler heats an area using radiant heat. It’s just what it sounds like: heat radiates off the boiler and warms objects in the rooms near it. This radiant heat can sometimes make a space feel warmer and cozier than a standard furnace, a huge reason that some people still have a preference for boilers. Though they’re not common in homes anymore, they’re still often used in commercial properties like schools and manufacturing facilities.

8. Wood-Burning Heating System

If you think that the radiant heat from a boiler system sounds nice and cozy, a wood-burning heating system is something you should consider as well. Though you could go old school and have a wood-burning stove installed, there are now options that allow you to more easily and conveniently heat your home with wood.

A standard wood-burning stove is a pretty inefficient way to heat a space due to the warm air being sucked back up and out of the vent into the outdoors. A sealed wood-burning system is more efficient, but you still often need a backup heating system installed.

If you live on an acreage with lots of wood naturally available to you, this is a fantastic heating system that won’t cost much to run all winter round. If you live in the city and don’t have much access to free wood, this probably isn’t the most efficient heating system option available for you.

If you want to know more about your heating options in Sacramento, Crystal Blue Plumbing, Heating, & Air is the place to call. We offer a wide range of heating services for a variety of systems, including heat pumps, boilers, and furnaces. We are also a full-service plumbing and ductwork company. Give us a call today, and we’ll be happy to assist you!